The Flathead Indian Reservation is home to the Confederated
Salish and Kootenai tribes. The tribes are a combination of the Salish, the Pend
d'Oreilles and the Kootenai. Of the approximately 6,800 enrolled tribal members,
about 3,700 live on or near the reservation.
North of 1-90 between Missoula and Kalispell, fertile valleys and towering mountain peaks of northwestern Montana surround the Flathead Reservation. The reservation comprises over 1.2 million acres.
The principle sources of income for the tribes are derived from its timber industry sales and from revenues paid to the tribes through the co-license for the Kerr Dam facility with Montana Power Company. The tribes also own a full-service Best Western resort hotel in Polson named Kwataqnuk (which means "where the water leaves the lake") and an electronics manufacturing facility, S&K Electronics, Inc.
POINTS OF INTEREST:
Flathead Indian Museum St. Ignatius, MT 406-745,2951
Native American crafts and artifacts are featured. They manufacture local native products.
Flathead Lake State Park, 406-752-5501
Flathead is the largest freshwater lake in the West. Points of interest on the lake include Wild Horse Island (Kwitkunk'mi in the Kootenai language) and six other scenic state units (five on the reservation): Finley Point, Elmo, Yellow Bay, Big Arm, Wayfarers and West Shore. Except for Wild Horse island, all units offer camping, fishing, boating and swimming.
Recreational rafting tours operate on both Flathead Lake and the Flathead River below Kerr Dam.
The National Bison Range/Pablo National Wildlife Refuge, Moiese, MT, (406) 644-2211 Approximately 500 readily visible bison roam nearly 20,000 acres of natural grassland. Visitors are also likely to see elk, bighorn sheep, antelope and deer on self-guided auto tours, year-round.
Ninepipe National Wildlife Refuge and State Wildlife Management Area, Ronan, MT 406-644,2211
This area is one of Montana's designated Wildlife Viewing sites. It is an exceptional wetland complex, prime for bird watching.
St. Ignatius Mission St. Ignatius, MT 406,745-2768
Established in 1854, the mission was built by Native Americans under the direction of Catholic missionaries. There are 58 original murals by Brother Joseph Carignano on its walls and ceiling. The Mission Range of mountains provides a striking backdrop for the mission
Standing portrait of a Native American Flathead (Salish) man, identified as Basso Jacko, Elmo, Montana. He wears dark pants, a loose shirt, a kerchief, long braids bound by strips of fur, sunglasses, and a broad brimmed hat.
Standing portrait of a white man and five Native American Flatheads (Salish). Identification (right to left) Michael Wyateelame, an elderly man, his wife, Susie Magpie, and Forest guard Harold Flower (white), Camas Prairie, Flathead Indian Reservation, Montana. Michel's home is in back of the group, a drum is in front of the group.
A group of Native American Flatheads (Salish), identified as the Finleys, pose on the Flathead Reservation in western Montana. The husband holds a young chief in his arms as his wife, Helena (Helen) Finley, stands nearby. Helena's father stoops in front of the husband. Reservation buildings in background.
Grave sites surrounded by wooden fences occupy an open field near the Saint Ignatius Catholic Church at the Saint Ignatius Mission on the Flathead Reservation for Native Americans in western Montana. The church is a brick structure with a clipped hip roof, widow's walk, belfry, and arched windows.
Three young Native Americans (Flathead) stand in front of a tepee on the Flathead Reservation near Polson, Montana. Shows tepees and a group of adults huddled in a circle.
View of two Native American Flathead (Salish) men. One is on a horse and is identified as Pateenenemae. He wears moccasins, leggings, a shirt decorated with fur, and a long headdress decorated with fur and eagle feathers. The other man, identified as Lhekakah (Chil-lum), stands next to the horse and wears moccasins, leggings, a blanket wrapped around his waist, a loose, dark shirt, a necklace, and a buffalo headdress. Both men carry swords in their hands.
A group of Native Americans gathers for a group portrait in front of several teepees on the Flathead Indian Reservation in western Montana. Several of the men, including Ka-Ka-She, wear tall, feather headdresses and long beaded necklaces; several also wear patterned vests and fur tassels. Other identified men are Stmilx, Snsale and Baptise (Parnish (a Nez Perce); the men in the front row sit on the ground while those in the back row are standing. Two large drums are in front of the men in the center of the front row. A ridge of mountains is in the distance.
Sam Finley and Sam Moody, two Native American men on the Flathead Indian Reservation in western Montana, sit on horses on either side of a Native American woman, possibly White Brant, in front of a group of teepees on the reservation. Moody, on the left, wears a tall feather headdress, numerous beaded necklaces, large round earrings, strips of fur around his braids, and long tassles from his sleeves; he holds a rifle in his right hand. Finley, on the right, also wears
fur wrapped around his braids, numerous necklaces, and a cluster of ermine fur strips from each shoulder; he holds a folded animal skin with a large feather bustle over his right arm. The woman sits on a horse between the men. Her braids are wrapped in light-colored fur, and she wears large, round earrings. The teepee behind the woman has a striped pattern.
Mose Vanderburg, a Native American man on the Flathead Indian Reservation in western Montana, sits on the ground in front of a teepee playing a drum. His wife sits near him and a young man, possibly Pete Vanderburg, stands in the entrance to the teepee. Several pots are cooking over the campfire in the foreground. Numerous additional teepees are in the distance near the base of a ridge of mountains.
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